person holding red and white textile

Different Types of Embroidery Design

Embroidery is an artform in which thread and needle are used to decorate fabric or other materials with beautiful floral designs or even abstract pieces.

Hand embroidery requires stitching on cotton fabrics such as aida (which comes pre-starched) or muslin, or flour sack. You will require a hoop, needles and floss.

Back Stitch

Back stitch is an embroidery and sewing stitch in which individual stitches are made in an opposite direction from their general direction of sewing. Commonly worked from right to left, back stitch can be used for outlining shapes or adding fine details; additionally it provides an ideal foundation for more complex stitches like herringbone ladder filling stitch or prick stitch.

Running stitch is one of the simplest embroidery stitches to learn and execute, creating an even, pleasing finish in your work. Ideal for embroidering words or outlining shapes in designs, but also versatile enough for creating curves and lines, running stitch is one of the easiest embroidery stitches to execute.

Chain stitch (also referred to as twisted chain stitch, cable chain stitch or square chain stitch) is another simple graphic stitch which adds beautiful texture to embroidery projects. Perfect for lettering designs or outlining sections within them as well as stitching the stems of flowers it is an economical and timeless way of creating texture in embroidery work.

Lazy daisy stitch (sometimes known as detached chain stitch or brick stitch) is an elegant embroidery stitch with minimal effort required, adding an eye-catching flourish to any project. Ideal for leaves and flower petals as it works wonderfully on curves.

Outlined below are essential supplies needed for embroidery: needle, thread and an embroidery hoop. Embroidery hoops come in wooden or plastic models and feature two rings that sit within each other – one larger outer ring holds your fabric while a smaller inner ring secures thread underneath.

Running Stitch

Running stitch is a versatile line stitch that can be executed in various ways to form embroidery patterns. Commonly found along the edges, running stitch can be worked straight, curved or angular; making this an essential stitch in embroidery designs! If you’re just getting started in embroidery techniques, becoming familiar with this stitch will help get your designs underway!

This stitch serves as the basis of many embroidery techniques, from chain stitch used in traditional blackwork, pekinese stitch (adding texture), couching (allowing curves), couched ( “couching down one thread with another) and couching.

Although there are numerous variations of this basic stitch, it’s essential to first master its core version before moving on to more advanced applications. For instance, learning run stitch is key for mastering how to do twisted version or lazy daisy stitch for flower details.

Once you’ve mastered the fundamentals, it’s time to add color! Most hand embroidery uses six strands of cotton floss in various hues that can be purchased at craft stores. Before beginning to embroider on linen or cotton fabrics it is also wise to pre-wash these fabrics beforehand in order to prevent shrinking or bleeding of thread or fabric during production.

Chain Stitch

Chain stitch is a basic embroidery stitch used for outlining or filling in designs. It forms the basis for more advanced stitches such as Hedera Agrifolia (or Moss Stitch), which makes stunning flowers and leaves.

One of the oldest embroidery stitches known, it can be found embroidered on textiles from Tutankhamun’s tomb and Pazyryk tombs dating back to 4th-3rd century BC. Rows of even round chains form the core of various traditions such as Kashmiri Numdah embroidery, Persian Resht work embroidery techniques, Central Asian suzani work and Hungarian Kalotaszeg “written embroidery”.

As you begin with chain stitch, it is wise to utilize a fabric stabiliser in order to avoid puckering or tension issues that could make your finished product less than perfect. These products can be found online as well as in craft stores.

Chain stitch is created by inserting the needle into fabric and pulling it back out near where it came out without pulling all of the way through. Thread is wrapped around this needle and pulled tight to form a small loop; its size and thickness can then be modified as desired for this type of stitching technique.

French knot is another variation of basic chain stitch, offering an eye-catching pop of color to embroidery designs. Although difficult to master, its addition adds texture and beauty that elevates any project.

French Knot

The French Knot embroidery stitch is an eye-catching embroidery stitch that works especially well in clusters or as knotted lines. Additionally, French Knots can also be used to fill shapes or create highly textured patterns – as is evident by many patterns found here on Wandering Threads which feature French Knots!

This embroidery stitch produces striking lines that add visual impact to designs on fabric. Though time consuming and needing coordination to complete successfully, this beautiful texture-enhancing stitch can add depth and dimension to your designs. While initially it may be challenging (as challenging as playing your first game of online poker on any of the sites listed on the, beginners can benefit immensely by trying their hands at this stitch!

Start by placing the needle where a knot should be created on fabric and holding it firmly with both your left thumb and first finger (watch a video of left-handed embroiderers embroidering chains here). Next use your right index finger to push through where you came up (not the same hole). Loop thread around thread a few times until tight; slide needle through loops back through fabric back through loops a couple of times and trim tail close to stitch.

Before embarking on any embroidery project, it is recommended that fabric be prewashed to reduce shrinkage and bleeding of colors. Furthermore, testing embroidery threads for colorfastness before starting (particularly red as this tends to run). Pure cotton and linen threads tend to work best; otherwise wool crochet yarn may provide an economical and pill-resistant alternative with multiple shades available.

Lazy Daisy Stitch

The Lazy Daisy Stitch is an embroidery stitch used for creating beautiful flower petals and stems, leaves, or shapes. Additionally, this simple stitch can also be used for outlining patterns, lettering letters and creating borders.

Start off your lazy daisy stitch by pulling your needle from beneath the fabric at point (1), inserting your thread through its surface at point (2) and stitching over that thread at point (3) to form your first petal of your flower. Continue this process until all petals of your desired design have been added!

For a more completed look, you can go back and fill each of the petals with additional stitches to give more realistic flowers with better shapes. Finish your bloom off by affixing a French knot to its center!

Now that you understand the fundamental embroidery stitches, it is time to move on and try more difficult ones. Remember to practice frequently and always use high quality floss – which tends to tangle less easily than cheap craft assortments). Additionally, familiarize yourself with basic tools like frames, needles, scissors and markers before beginning this journey.

Satin Stitch

Satin stitches fill a shape in an embroidery design by stitching parallel rows of stitch. While straight stitch is used for outlining shapes, satin stitches create smooth and solid areas in which to stitch. They can be positioned in different ways depending on what look is being achieved – for instance veins may be implied on leaves or petals while diagonal rows create the appearance of a curving line.

To create a satin stitch, begin by outlining your shape using split stitches. Next, bring the needle very close to the first satin stitch so that the second one buttes up against it and so forth until all desired satin stitches have been butted up against each other and you have filled in your shape completely – creating an attractive, glossy effect when complete!

To successfully embroider a satin stitch, you will require high quality embroidery thread that has less twist than standard sewing thread. Threads with too much twist may pucker or break more easily and you will also require an embroidery hoop to ensure taut work. For optimal results, try embroidering on fabric that features an open weave so your needle can easily penetrate its surface; common embroidery fabrics include calico, linen, muslin cotton Aida Hardanger etc.